Module 11: References and Image Credits


American Psychiatric Association (APA). (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, fifth edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Begun, A.L. (in press). Introduction to psychoactive substances. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray (Eds.), Handbook of social work and addictive behavior. London: Routledge.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018). Synthetic opioid overdose data. Retrieved from

Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). (n.d.). Drug fact sheet: Narcotics. Retrieved from

Evans, W.N., Lieber, E., & Power, P. (2017). How the reformulation of OxyContin ignited the heroin epidemic. Journal of Economic Literature. Retrieved from

Haight, S.C., Ko, J.Y., Tong, V.T., Bohm, M.K., & Callaghan, W.M. (2018). Opioid use disorder documented at delivery hospitalization—United States, 1999-2014. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Morbidity and mortality Weekly Report (August 10). Retrieved from

Hall, M.T., Wilfong, J., Huebner, R.A., Posze, L., & Willauer, T. (2016). Medication-assisted treatment improves child permanency outcomes for opioid-using families in the child welfare system. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 71, 63-47.

Hughes, A., Williams, M. R., Lipari., R. N., Bose, J., Copello, E. A. P., & Kroutil, L. A. (2016, September). Prescription drug use and misuse in the United States: Results from the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. NSDUH Data Review. Retrieved from

Kandall, S.R., Gaines, J., Habel, L., Davidson, G., & Jessop, D. (1993). Relationship of maternal substance abuse to subsequent sudden infant death syndrome in offspring. Journal of Pediatrics, 123(1), 120-126.

Ko, J. Y., Patrick, S. W., Tong, V. T., Patel, R., Lind, J. N., & Barfield, W. D. (2016). Incidence of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome – 28 States, 1999-2013. MMWR: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 65(31), 799-802. doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6531a2

Lipari, R.N., & Hughes, A. (2017). How people obtain the prescription pain relievers they misuse. The CBHSQ Report: January 12, 2017. Rockville, MD: Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

National Academies of Sciences (NAS), Engineering, and Medicine. (2017). Pain management and the opioid epidemic: Balancing societal and individual benefits and risks of prescription opioid use. Washington, DC: The national Academies Press. doi:

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2018). Prescription opioids and heroin. Retrieved from

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2019). Prescription opioids. Retrieved from

Quinones, S. (2015). Dreamland: The true tale of America’s opiate epidemic. NY: Bloomsbury Press.

Portelli, J., Munjal, V., & Leggio, L. (in press). Current and emerging pharmacotherapies for addiction treatment. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), Handbook of social work and addictive behavior. London: Routledge.

Rassool, G. H. (2011). Understanding addiction behaviors: Theoretical & clinical practice in health and social care. Hampshire, England: Palgrave Macmillan.

Ray, S., & Wadhwa, S. (1999). Mu opioid receptors in developing human spinal cord. Journal of Anatomy, 195, 11-18.

Reber, K.M., Schlegel, A.B., Braswell, E.F., & Shepherd, E.G. (in press). Neonatal abstinence syndrome: Recognition, management, and prevention knowledge for social workers. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), Handbook of social work and addictive behavior. London: Routledge.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2018). Medications for opioid use disorder. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 63, full document. HHS Publication No. (SMA) 19-5063FULLDOC. Rockville, MD: SAMHSA.

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). (2019). World Drug Report 2019. Retrieved from

Image credits:

Unless otherwise noted, the author created tables and figures appearing in this book; images come from creative commons public domain ( and 123rf contract.

The “Poppies” image is copyrighted by Audrey Begun; for permission and information contact

October 23, 2019 version

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