Module 13: Key Terms
alcohol myopia theory suggests that many alcohol-related behaviors are the consequence of alcohol’s effect of narrowing perceptual and distorting cognitive functioning.
comorbidity refers to having two or more diagnosable conditions either at the same time or in close sequence.
concomitant means two of more events that occur together or in close sequence.
co-occurring problems refers to two or more difficult or challenging concerns, conditions, or events that happen either at the same time or within close proximity in time.
criminogenic factor refers to variables, events, or conditions that are known (based on evidence) to contribute to the probability a person or persons will engage in criminal activity/commit criminal offenses.
disinhibition is a process where a person’s learned inhibitions against behaving in a certain way are themselves inhibited or suppressed, resulting in an increased probability of that behavior being exhibited.
driving under the influence (DUI) refers to the criminal offense of operating a vehicle while impaired or intoxicated by alcohol or other substances.
dual diagnosis refers to having two diagnosable (mental) disorders at the same time or within close proximity in time.
expectancy theory refers to how a person’s beliefs about the likely effects of alcohol or other substance use influences decisions about using the substance(s).
intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to the threat or expression of violence toward a person in a present or past (ex-) close couple relationship; the violence may be physical, emotional, sexual, economic, or other forms of exerted control, and may (also or instead) be directed to children, other loved ones, or pets with the specific intent of affecting the intimate partner.
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a diagnosable condition, meeting specific criteria, following one or more life- or limb-threatening event or one which is otherwise seriously life altering.
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is a diagnosable neurological condition resulting from a history of chronic heavy alcohol misuse.