Antoine, B. R., & Douglas, K.G. (2018). Final Report of the CARICOM Regional Commission on Marijuana 2018.Georgetown Guyana: Caribbean Community.
Begun, A.L. (2020). Introduction to psychoactive substances. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behavior. NY: Routledge.
Chakraborty, K., Neogi, R., & Basu, D. (2011). Club drugs: Review of the ‘rave’ with a note of concern for the Indian scenario. Indian Journal of Medical Research, 133(5), 594-604.
Knox, L. (2016). Drugs in ancient cultures: A history of drug use and effects. Ancient origins: Reconstructing the story of humanity’s past (June 9). Retrieved from https://www.ancient-origins.net/opinion-guest-authors/drugs-ancient-cultures-history-drug-use-and-effects-006051
Malcolm, B. (2020). Decriminalization and medicalization of cannabis: Implications of the Caribbean experience for global social work practice. In A.L. Begun & M.M. Murray, (Eds.), Routledge handbook of social work and addictive behavior. NY: Routledge.
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2007). Marijuana. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/brain-power/grades-6-9/weeding-out-grass-module-4/background
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2018a). Synthetic cathinones (“bath salts”). Retrieved fromhttps://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/synthetic-cathinones-bath-salts
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2018b). MDMA (ecstasy/Molly). Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/mdma-ecstasymolly
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2019a). Marijuana. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/marijuana
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). (2019b). Hallucinogens. Retrieved from https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/drugfacts/hallucinogens
Pettus-Davis, C., & Epperson, M.W. (2015). From mass incarceration to smart decarceration. Grand Challenge for Social Work Initiative Working Paper No. 4. Cleveland, OH: American Academy of Social Work and Social Welfare. Retrieved from https://grandchallengesforsocialwork.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/WP4-with-cover.pdf
Stuyt, E. (2018). The problem with the current high potency THC marijuana from the perspective of an addiction psychiatrist. Missouri Medicine, 115(6), 482-486.
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2019). 2018 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) detailed tables. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/report/2018-nsduh-detailed-tables
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). (2012). Recent statistics and trend analysis of illicit drug markets. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/documents/data-and-analysis/WDR2012/WDR_2012_Chapter1.pdf
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). (2019). World drug report 2019. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/frontpage/2019/June/world-drug-report-2019_-35-million-people-worldwide-suffer-from-drug-use-disorders-while-only-1-in-7-people-receive-treatment.html
World Health Organization (WHO). (2016). The health and social effects of nonmedical cannabis use. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/substance_abuse/publications/msb_cannabis_report.pdf
World Health Organization (WHO). (2018). Cannabidiol (CBD): Critical review report. Expert Committee on Drug Dependence, 40th meeting (June). Retrieved from https://www.who.int/medicines/access/controlled-substances/CannabidiolCriticalReview.pdf
Unless otherwise noted, all images derived from Creative Commons uses of Pixabay.com images.
Cane toad image: ©Audrey Begun