Chapter 2: The Genesis of Eco-Theology — Is Christianity to Blame for our “Ecologic Crisis”?


Aquinas, T. (1981). St. Thomas Aquinas Summa Theologica. Allen: Christian Classics, I, 47, 1.

Bible Gateway. (n.d.). Retrieved January 21, 2018, from

Budiansky, S. (1995). Nature’s Keepers: The New Science of Nature Management. Free Press.

Gregory E. Hitzhusen (2007) Judeo‐Christian theology and the environment: moving beyond scepticism to new sources for environmental education in the United States, Environmental Education Research, 13:1, 55-74, doi: 10.1080/13504620601122699

HE Metropolitan Kallistos (Ware) of Diokleia. (2002, June 8). Safeguarding the Creation for Future Generations. Retrieved January 22, 2018, from

Kellert, S. R. (2012). Birthright: People and Nature in the Modern World. Yale University Press.

McKibben, B. (2006). The End of Nature. New York, NY: Random House Trade Paperbacks.

Pollan, M. (2003). Second nature: a gardeners education. New York, NY: Grove Press.

Thoreau, H. D. (2017). Walden. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Biblical passages were taken from the following versions:

THE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright © 1989 the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


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Religion and Environmental Values in America Copyright © 2019 by Gregory E Hitzhusen is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.