Chapter 4 – Age

4.3 Bias Against Age References

  1. Ruiz JG, Andrade AD, Anam R, et al. Group-based differences in anti-aging bias among medical students. Gerontol Geriatr Educ. 2015;36(1):58-78.
  2. Nash P, Stuart-Hamilton I, Mayer P. The Continuation of Prejudice: Addressing Negative Attitudes in Nurse Training and Continuing Professional Education. Educational Gerontology. 2014;40(1):53-60.
  3. Tomko JK, Munley PH. Predicting counseling psychologists attitudes and clinical judgments with respect to older adults. Aging Ment Health. 2013;17(2):233-241.
  4. Yang Y, Xiao LD, Ullah S, Deng L. General practitioners’ knowledge of ageing and attitudes towards older people in China. Australas J Ageing. 2015;34(2):82-87.
  5. Doubleday AF, Lee LM. Dissecting the voice: Health professions students’ perceptions of instructor age and gender in an online environment and the impact on evaluations for faculty. Anat Sci Educ. 2016;9(6):537-544.
  6. Austin S, Qu H, Shewchuk RM. Age bias in physicians’ recommendations for physical activity: a behavioral model of healthcare utilization for adults with arthritis. J Phys Act Health. 2013;10(2):222-231.
  7. Rybarczyk B, Haut A, Lacey RF, Fogg LF, Nicholas JJ. A multifactorial study of age bias among rehabilitation professionals. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001;82(5):625-632.
  8. Lee YS. Ethnic differences in attitudes and bias toward older people comparing White and Asian nursing students. J Transcult Nurs. 2015;26(2):202-208.
  9. Cherry KE, Blanchard B, Walker EJ, Smitherman EA, Lyon BA. Knowledge of memory aging across the lifespan. J Genet Psychol. 2014;175(5-6):547-553.
  10. Newman GE, Lockhart KL, Keil FC. “End-of-life” biases in moral evaluations of others. Cognition. 2010;115(2):343-349.
  11. Freak-Poli R, Kirkman M, De Castro Lima G, Direk N, Franco OH, Tiemeier H. Sexual Activity and Physical Tenderness in Older Adults: Cross-Sectional Prevalence and Associated Characteristics. J Sex Med. 2017;14(7):918-927.
  12. Moser S, Luxenberger W, Freidl W. [Perception of hearing problems in the older population]. HNO. 2017.
  13. Nirmalasari O, Mamo SK, Nieman CL, et al. Age-related hearing loss in older adults with cognitive impairment. Int Psychogeriatr. 2017;29(1):115-121.
  14. Greenwald AG, Nosek BA. Health of the Implicit Association Test at age 3. Z Exp Psychol. 2001;48(2):85-93.
  15. Nosek BA, Greenwald AG, Banaji MR. Understanding and using the Implicit Association Test: II. Method variables and construct validity. Pers Soc Psychol Bull. 2005;31(2):166-180.
  16. Boller B, Mellah S, Ducharme-Laliberté G, Belleville S. Relationships between years of education, regional grey matter volumes, and working memory-related brain activity in healthy older adults. Brain Imaging and Behavior. 2017;11(2):304-317.
  17. JAMA Professionalism April 18, 2017Is It Time to Retire? Wendy Levinson, MD1,2; Shiphra Ginsburg, MD, MEd, PhD1,3.  Author Affiliations Article Information JAMA. 2017;317(15):1570-1571. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2230
  18. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine Volume 33, Issue 5, May 2015, Pages 614-619 Are there high-risk groups among physicians that are more vulnerable to on-call work? Tarja Heponiemi PhD, Anna-Mari Aalto PhD, Laura Pekkarinen PhD, Eeva Siuvatti MSc Marko Elovainio PhD.
  19. Parsons K, MacDonald S, Hajek A, Moody J. Increasing attitudes and interest in caring for older adults in first year nursing students using innovative teaching and learning strategies. 5. 2015.
  20. Beling J. Impact of Service Learning on Physical Therapist Students’ Knowledge of and Attitudes Toward Older Adults and on Their Critical Thinking Ability. Journal of Physical Therapy Education. 2004.


Perspectives on Bias in Medicine Copyright © 2018 by Camilla Curren MD. All Rights Reserved.