Chapter 8 – Women

8.0 Women

Laurie Belknap DO and Camilla Curren MD


The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of the bias and inherent attitudinal disadvantage often imposed upon women in medical and interprofessional relationships.

sculpture of women
Woman. | Gaby Av | CC BY 2.0

Learning Objectives

At the end of this chapter, you will learn to:

  • Identify bias against women in the medical community in interprofessional relationships.
  • Identify bias against women in physician-patient relationships.
  • Describe techniques to neutralize or ameliorate the effects of bias against women in health care.
  • Describe the negative effects of bias and discrimination when it is not recognized or addressed.


Prior to reading the Women Chapter, you will be asked to take a self-test.

  1. Read the Preliminary Information and disclaimer, then click on “I wish to proceed” to take the test.  Click to complete the Gender Science-IAT located in Harvard University’s Project Implicit website.
  2. After taking the test, read the next section to read perspectives on unconscious bias against women.
  3. You will then have the opportunity to complete a knowledge check to see if you gained a heightened understanding of bias against women in health care.
  4. Use this opportunity to learn more about conscious and unconscious bias in health care, to retake the IAT test(s) and to reflect on how you can apply what you’ve learned in this chapter.



Perspectives on Bias in Medicine Copyright © 2018 by Camilla Curren MD. All Rights Reserved.