Chapter 9 – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

9.3 Bias Against Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity References

  1. Acad Med. 2015;90:549–552. Implicit Bias Against Sexual Minorities in Medicine: Cycles of Professional Influence and the Role of the Hidden Curriculum Keisa Fallin-Bennett, MD, MPH
  2. Lee KP, Kelz RR, Dubé B, Morris JB. Attitude and perceptions of the other underrepresented minority in surgery. J Surg Educ. 2014;71:e47–e52.
  3. Burke SE, Dovidio JF, Przedworski JM, et al. Do contact and empathy mitigate bias against gay and lesbian people among heterosexual first-year medical students? A report from the Medical Student CHANGE Study. Acad Med. 2015;90:645651.
  5. AMA Journal of Ethics. February 2015, Volume 17, Number 2: 129-137. The Role of the Hidden Curriculum in “On Doctoring” Courses Frederic W. Hafferty, PhD, Elizabeth H. Gaufberg, MD, MPH, and Joseph F. O’Donnell, MD
  6. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) Physicians’ Experiences in the Workplace Michele J. Eliason PhD, Suzanne L. Dibble DNSc RN & Patricia A. Robertson MD  Journal of Homosexuality Vol. 58 , Iss. 10,2011
  7. Do Ask, Do Tell! Collecting Data on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Health Centers [Download PDF] Faculty: Harvey Makadon, MD and Chris Grasso, MPH HRSA Program Assistance Letter: Document Number PAL 2016 02     accessed 12/26/17
  8. Fenway Guide to Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Health, 2nd Ed. , Makadon H, Maher K, Potter J, Goldhammer H, Section III, Published 2015 by ACP
  9. Title How Many People are Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender? accessed 12/26/17 Gates, Gary J..2011-04-01
  10. accessed 12/26/17
  11. “Injustice at Every Turn:A Report of the National Transgender Discrimination Survey”, Grant, Jaime M., Lisa A. Mottet, Justin Tanis, Jack Harrison, Jody L. Herman, and Mara Keisling. Washington: National Center for Transgender Equality and National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 2011.
  12. Discrimination and Delayed Health Care Among Transgender Women and Men Implications for Improving Medical Education and Health Care Delivery, Medical Care _ Volume 54, Number 11, November 2016 Kim D. Jaffee, PhD, MSW,* Deirdre A. Shires, MPH, MSW,* and Daphna Stroumsa, MD, MPHw
  13. Hilary Daniel, Renee Butkus, . Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Disparities: Executive Summary of a Policy Position Paper From the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2015;163:135–137. doi: 10.7326/M14-2482
  14. Inclusion of Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in Stage 3 Meaningful Use Guidelines: A Huge Step Forward for LGBT Health  Sean R. Cahill, PhD,1,2 Kellan Baker, MPH, MA,3 Madeline B. Deutsch, MD, MPH,4  Joanne Keatley, MSW,5 and Harvey J. Makadon, MD1,6  LGBT Health,Volume 3, Number 2, 2016 .  DOI: 10.1089/lgbt.2015.0136
  15. Sawning S, Steinbock S, Croley R, Combs R, Shaw A, Ganzel T. A first step in addressing medical education Curriculum gaps in lesbian-, gay-, bisexual-, and transgender-related content: The University of Louisville Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Certificate Program.Medical Care Volume 54, Number 11, November 2016
  16. Phelan, S.M., Burke, S.E., Hardeman, R.R. et al. J GEN INTERN MED (2017) 32: 1193.


Perspectives on Bias in Medicine Copyright © 2018 by Camilla Curren MD. All Rights Reserved.