Chapter 9 – Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

9.0 Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Camilla Curren MD

Bias Toward Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender (LGBT) Individuals in the Medical Setting

picture of shoes with rainbows on them
vintage rainbow shoes | Amy McRae | CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

Learning Objectives

At the conclusion of this chapter, the reader should be able to:

  1. Identify bias in the medical community in interprofessional relationships involving LGBT providers.
  2. Identify LGBT bias in physician/patient relationships.
  3. Describe techniques to neutralize the effects of bias or ameliorate its severity when LGBT persons are involved.
  4. Describe the negative effects of bias and discrimination against LGBT individuals in medical settings when it is not recognized or addressed based on the perspectives of the interviewees.


Prior to reading the Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity Chapter, you will be asked to take a self-test.

  1. Read the Preliminary Information and disclaimer, then click on “I wish to proceed” to take the test.  Click to complete the Sexuality-IAT, located in Harvard University’s Project Implicit website.
  2. After taking the test(s) read the next section to read perspectives on sexual and gender identity bias in health care.
  3. You will then have the opportunity to complete a knowledge check to see if you gained a heightened understanding of sexual and gender bias in health care.
  4. Use this opportunity to learn more about conscious and unconscious bias in health care, to retake the IAT test(s) and to reflect on how you can apply what you’ve learned in this chapter.


Perspectives on Bias in Medicine Copyright © 2018 by Camilla Curren MD. All Rights Reserved.