Chapter 1: The Cell

Keywords

Please familiarize yourself with these keywords before you start reading the chapter.

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Cell membrane
An asymmetric phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins and carbohydrates.
Endoplasmic Reticulum
The organelle that is responsible for the synthesis of proteins (rough ER) or the synthesis of steroid hormones and detoxification
of certain agents (smooth ER)
Golgi Apparatus
The organelle that is responsible for protein packaging and processing.
Intermediate Filaments
A broad class of cytoskeletal elements that provide structure and function to a cell.
Lysosomes
An organelle that is responsible for degrading material.
Meiosis
A specialized process of cell division that results in the formation of cells with half the chromosome number of the original cell.
Microfilaments
Thin cytoskeletal elements that are predominantly involved in the movement of cellular elements.
Microtubules
The component of the cytoskeleton that is composed of an α and β heterodimer of tubulin.
Mitochondria
The primary organelle that produces energy (ATP) for the cell.
Mitosis
A component of the cell cycle and cell division that concludes with two separate cells with identical numbers of chromosomes.
Nucleus
The two membrane structure that contains and confines the genetic material of a eukaryotic cell.
Perioxisomes
An organelle that breaks down H2O2 and excess fatty acids and is involved in cholesterol biosynthesis

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Keywords by Ryan Jennings and Christopher Premanandan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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