Chapter 5: Bone

Keywords

Please familiarize yourself with these keywords before you start reading the chapter:

image

Compact bone
Dense bone that forms the cortical region of bone.
Endochondral ossification
The process of bone formation in which a cartilage model becomes almost entirely replaced by bone preceding the formation of the actual bone
Lamellar bone
Microscopically dense parallel arrays of bone.
Membranous ossification
The process of bone formation in which bone is directly laid in apposition on top of the bone that has just formed.
Modeling
The process that is responsible for changing the size and shape of bony tissue.
Osteoblasts
Mesenchymal cells that contribute to bone production and can be seen lining bone surfaces.
Osteocytes
Smaller elongated cells contained within small cavities in bone called lacunae
Osteoclasts
Hematopoietic derived, multinucleated cells that resorb bone.
Osteons
A tubular functional unit of lamellar cortical bone.
Remodeling
The process that is responsible for bony tissue maintenance.
Trabecular bone
Bone that forms multi-directional, anastomosing struts within the marrow cavity.
Woven bone
Rapidly deposited randomly arranged arrays of bone.

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Keywords by Ryan Jennings and Christopher Premanandan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book