Chapter 13: Female Reproductive System

Chapter 13: Female Reproductive System

C. Premanandan

This chapter will cover the female reproductive system.

Chapter Learning Objectives

imageBy the end of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Identify the primary factor behind sex determination.
  • Identify which embryonic structures form the tubular genitalia for males and females.
  • Compare and contrast the histological structure of each stage of follicular development.
  • Identify the differences between ovarian structure in different species.
  • List the layers forming the following structures: Uterine tube, uterus, cervix, vagina, and vestibule. What the composition of the innermost aspect of these structures.
  • Contrast the cytologic changes in vaginal mucosa during each stage of the estrus cycle. Outline the structures forming the avian reproductive tract.
  • Describe the structure of the mammary gland.

Review Questions

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By the end of this chapter, you should be able to answer the following:

  • What’s the difference between a primary oocyte and a primary follicle?
  • What’s the difference between a secondary oocyte and a secondary follicle?
  • List the structural differences between the primary, secondary and tertiary follicle.
  • Identify the following structures: Granulosa cells, theca interna, theca externa, cumulus oophorus, and corona radiata.
  • What are the segments of the female genital tract?
  • What are the segments of the uterine tube? What is the order from ovary to uterus?
  • What are the layers of the uterus? What are the individual layers of the endometrium called?
  • List (in all species) the types of surface epithelium which lines the: uterine tube, uterus, cervix, and vagina.
  • What are the species differences in cervical structure?
  • What are the various changes which take place in the canine vaginal mucosa during estrus?
  • List the structures in the female avian reproductive tract.

License

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Chapter 13: Female Reproductive System by Ryan Jennings and Christopher Premanandan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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