Chapter 6: Cardiovascular System

Chapter 6: Cardiovascular System

C. Premanandan

This chapter will cover the cardiovascular system.

Chapter Learning Objectives

imageBy the end of this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Describe the different components of the circulatory system.
  • Identify the tunica intima, tunica media, and tunica adventitia, naming the major components of each.
  • Describe how the vascular tunics differ at different levels of the vasculature (ie. artery vs. vein)
  • Explain the structure and function of endothelial cells.
  • Describe the differences in structure between arteries, arterioles, metarterioles, capillaries, venules, veins and lymphatics.
  • Explain the differences between continuous, fenestrated and sinusoidal capillaries.
  • Describe the structures that comprise the heart.
  • List the microscopic differences between skeletal and cardiac muscle

Review Questions

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By the end of this chapter, you should be able to answer the following:

  • What are functions and the components that comprise the following:
    • Elastic artery
    • Muscular artery
    • Capillary
    • Sinusoid
    • Postcapillary venule
    • Vein
    • Lymphatic vessel
    • Vasa vasorum and nervi vasorum
    • Arteriovenous anastomosis
    • Glomus body
  • What is the role of endothelium in hemostasis?
  • What are the differences between a continuous, fenestrated, and discontinuous capillary. List the anatomic locations where each can be found?
  • How lymph is formed?
  • How does a lymphatic vessel differs from a continuous capillary?
  • What are functions and the components that comprise the following:
    • Pericardium
    • Endocardium
    • Myocardium
    • Intercalated disc
    • Valve
    • Purkinje cell
    • Cardiomyocyte
    • Mesothelial cell

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License

Chapter 6: Cardiovascular System by Ryan Jennings and Christopher Premanandan is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

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